Download An Offer You Can't Refuse : Workfare in International by Ivar Lodemel, Heather Trickey PDF

By Ivar Lodemel, Heather Trickey

Within the Nineteen Nineties, the constructed global has witnessed a pendulum swing clear of unconditional entitlement to social assistance in the direction of larger emphasis on responsibilities and stipulations tied to the receipt of economic guidance. With the creation of "targeting" via administrative reforms, stipulations of entitlement were narrowed. The fabricated from learn funded through the ecu Union, this name compares "work-for-welfare" (workfare) guidelines objectively. It considers famous schemes from the USA along extra neglected examples of workfare to be present in six eu international locations.

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1994) ‘A genealogy of dependency: tracing a keyword for the US welfare state’, Signs: A Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol 19, no 2, p 310. Giddens, A. (1998) The third way: The renewal of social democracy, Cambridge: Polity Press. Gilbert, N. and Gilbert, B. (1989) The enabling state: Modern welfare capitalism in America, New York, NY: Oxford University Press. , Eardley, T. and Whiteford, P. (1997) ‘Social Assistance in OECD countries’, Journal of European Social Policy, vol 7, no 1, pp 17-43.

Some policy objectives, for example, a reduction in case loads or a cut in social assistance expenditure, are usually only coincidental to, and may even be in conflict with, the interests of individual participants as they themselves understand them. The European research group involved in the project from which this volume originates is currently pursuing 11 ‘An offer you can’t refuse’ qualitative studies of implementation and a review of the results of effect evaluations in the six European countries included here (Dahl and Pederson, 2001: forthcoming; Lødemel and Stafford, 2001: forthcoming).

Mead describes such an approach as a combination of ‘help and hassle’ intended to guide ‘dependent’ people to self-sufficiency through work (Mead, 1997b). The obligation to work under such a model is justified on grounds of reciprocity, so that it forms part of the social contract and is justified as an instrument for achieving self-respect among people who receive state benefits by furthering their integration into society (Bardach, 1997). Theoretically, there should be a key difference in policy response depending on whether policy makers are more sympathetic to a rational versus expectancy model of dependency.

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